This tutorial covers 1. thyroid glands and its function 2. Types of thyroid diseases 3. Causes of thyroid disease 4. Symptoms 5. Treatment 6. Dosage 7. Side effects 8. Natural remedies 9. Thyroid and Pregnancy 10. Foods for thyroid disease If you want to go to a particular topic you.
May scroll down to description box and click the concerned topic. 1. Thyroid gland and its function The thyroid gland is a butterflyshaped organ base of your neck and just below your Adam’s apple. It is composed of two lobes one on the right and the other is on left. Women have a larger size of thyroid gland. Thyroid hormones are primarily responsible for regulation of metabolism of body by producing T3 and T4 hormones. Your metabolic rate shows how quickly you.
Process food, how fast your heart beats, how much heat your body generates and even how quickly you can think. The production of thyroid hormones is controlled by another hormone called thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH). TSH hormones are produced by pituitary gland situated below the brain. The level of thyroid hormones is sensed and when there are less numbers of thyroid hormones pituitary glands secrets Thyroid Stimulating Hormones (TSH) . TSH provides signals to the thyroid gland and thyroid glands starts producing.
More number of thyroid hormones. in the same way when there are more numbers of thyroid hormones, pituitary reduces TSH and so the thyroid glands reduces the production of Thyroid hormones. T3 is called triiodothyronine T4 is called tetraiodothyroxine T3 is so named because it contains three atoms of iodine per molecule and T4 contains four atoms of iodine per molecule. T4 is actually less active than T3 hormone. But we take synthetic T4 hormones in form.
Of tablets because most of the t3 hormones in our bodies can be generated by t4. when T4 hormones come into contact in some organs as in lever, they give up an iodine atom to interact and as T4 loses an iodine atom, it becomes T3. Normal levels of T3, T4 TSH hormones for a man or women are T3 0.60 1.80 ng/ml T4 4.5 10.9 mcg/dl TSH 0.35 5.5 mIu/L.
Please note that this is not for a pregnant woman. Types of thyroid diseases 1. Hypothyroid When thyroid gland produces less number of thyroid hormones, it is called hypothyroidism. 2. Hyperthyroidism When thyroid gland produces more number of thyroid hormones, it is called hyperthyroidism. 3. Goiter When there are multiple nodules and swelling of the thyroid gland, it is called goiter.
Causes of thyroid disease the main cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune condition in which the body produces antibodies. These antibodies attack on thyroid gland and destroy it. This condition is called Hashimotos disease. Sometimes al removal of thyroid gland may cause hypothyroidism. Some other reasons as problems in pituitary gland, problems in hypothalamus and iodine deficiency may also cause hypothyroidism. In case of congenital hypothyroidism, new born baby has hypothyroid disease.
The main cause of hyperthyroidism is graves’ disease in which the immune system produces antibodies that excites the entire thyroid gland and thyroid gland produces more hormones than required. Scientists aren’t sure why the body produces antibodies against itself. Some think a virus or bacterium might trigger the response, while others believe a genetic flaw may be involved. Most likely, autoimmune diseases result from more than one factor.